For PROPER paraphrasing (see your university definition of plagiarism and acceptable paraphrase) They noted that children from unstable families have multiple behavioural problems which impel them to engage in delinquent behaviours. The current study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the influence of changes in family structure … The family as a universal social institution exists in all human society. Get Full Work Previous research has found that parents directly influence their childrens behavior through the parenting techniques utilized. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. Most importantly the kids watch their parents engaging in aggressive talks and actions. How these challenges are different for …, Your email address will not be published. 1. Factors Contributing to Juvenile Delinquency K. M. Banham Bridges Follow this and additional works at:https://scholarlycommons.law.northwestern.edu/jclc Part of theCriminal Law Commons,Criminology Commons, and theCriminology and Criminal Justice Commons This Article is brought to you for free and open access by Northwestern University School of Law Scholarly Commons. Wright, K. N. and K. E. Wright. While some researchers have found a significant relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency, others have suggested otherwise. In addition, this study will increase the knowledge base in criminology. My research has shown me that yes juvenile delinquency is linked to family instability. Families play a vital role in the development of children and youth. Marital instability is examined in the past and present for its relationship to contemporary juvenile delinquency. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. It is believed that parents have direct and indirect control. The overall purpose of the study was to explore the relationship between various family-related factors and crime. “Family relationship, juvenile delinquency, and. It forms the basis without which no society can survive. In the light of the nauseating problems of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria and Owerri Municipality, scholars and concerned citizens have attributed the menace to various factors such as; poverty, peer pressure, family instability, drug abuse and so on(Nwankwo et al 2010). Broken home: This refers to a family arrangement in which children reside with a parent as a result of divorce, death or separation or any type of family other than one in which both biological parents are present. Many studies suggest that family conflicts are number one reason why some adolescents become deviant. A boy or a girl is not a juvenile delinquent just because he commits a delinquent act. In Truancy: This refers to the act of skipping school/class without excuse. Juvenile: A juvenile in this study refers to a young person under the age of 18 years. Downward changes in SES and record of paternal crime both showed independent associations with offspring crime. Single-parent families are often financially vulnerable as compared to two-parent families. For example, overspending is one reason for economic crisis. have benefited from the easy to understand presentation... cabinet medical boisseau: Great article.... Henggeler, S.W., Edwards, J. Wallman. This ugly trend necessitated the call by the rector of. It is not clear from prior studies, however, whether delinquency precedes or follows placement instability. How to Critically Evaluate Quality of a Research Article? It describes not only how parental supervision and other Ask us anything! Juvenile delinquency is an intractable problem worldwide and has been increasing phenomenally by as much as 30 percent since the 1990s (World Youth Report, cited in Sheryln, 2008). The Relationship between Juvenile Delinquency and Family Unit Structure By definition, an intact home is a two-parent (one male, one female) structure. In Pittsburg, 90% of the youth with five or more disruptions or transitions reported engaging in delinquent behavior. Family conflicts are the result of poor relationships between parents and children. Family instability: This refers to any family arrangement characterized by frequent conflict, inadequate parental control, weak internal linkages and a couple’s propensity to dissolve an existing marriage, even though, dissolution may not take place. Inadequate parental supervision: In this study, this refers to negligence on the part of the parent(s)/guardian(s) to closely monitor their child(ren)’s activities. Required fields are marked *, Please Answer * Motivated by the increasing rate of juvenile delinquency in Britain, Juby and Farrington (2001), examined juvenile delinquency and family disruption in a longitudinal survey of South London males from age 8 to 46. Its a capstone essay. Obviously, financial problems can lead to crimes and deviation. Hence, a family may be experiencing or showing signs of instability and still remain intact (two- parent). Poverty Level Family Budget Assignment | College Homework Help April 17, 2020. Besides this, these kids will always take money above their moral, family, societal, and cultural values. The current study adds significantly to the literature by identifying selected factors related to child maltreatment and delinquency and disentangling the timing of delinquency petitions relative to movements within the child welfare system. They did report, however, that age and family size impacted the relationship between family structure and crime and delinquency. Is Juvenile Delinquency Linked to Family Instability. Tolan and D.B. Citizens, researchers and public officials perceive juvenile delinquency as a major social contemporary concern in Nigeria. Inadequate supervision arising from family instability seems to be associated with juvenile delinquency (Alfrey, 2010). There is a large body of research that shows children from non‐intact homes show higher rates of juvenile delinquency than children from intact homes, partially due to weaker parental control and supervision in non‐intact homes. Hence, it will have long lasting impacts on the cognition and behavior of the child. This loss of love and guidance at the intimate levels of marriage and family has broad social consequences for children and for the wider community. This study provides a longitudinal view of selected correlates of family disruption and suggests how they may contribute to adolescent and young adult criminal behavior. The study of family instability and delinquency is not a recent development, nor is the conceptualization of disruption and … The resultant effect is that a child may be more vulnerable to negative peer pressure and may ultimately commit delinquent acts not committed by children from stable families where there is a balanced structure of two parents who act as good role models in the child’s acquiring proper roles (Odebunmi, 2007). As a result, the child will suffer the whole life and it will be hard for him/her to change his mindset. The scholarly evidence suggests that at the heart of the explosion of crime in America is the loss of the capacity of fathers and mothers to be responsible in caring for the children they bring into the world. My research has shown me that yes juvenile delinquency is linked to family instability. ABSTRACT. Family Instability and Juvenile Delinquency in Nigeria: A study of Owerri Municipality, Journal of Humanities and Social Science (1): 40-45. In some cases, foster children engage in juvenile delinquency because psychological disorders make it difficult to recognize what is right from what is wrong. Leave a comment “Family and juvenile delinquency”. In addition, this study will increase the knowledge base in criminology. This unfortunate economic circumstance can draw these families to disorganized neighbourhoods where crime and delinquency are rampant (Alfrey, 2010). Hire a project writer. The key to raising a healthy adolescent is to have a healthy environment at home. Evolution of the Human Brain Assignment | Essay Help Services April 17, 2020. We find that delinquency cannot be explained in terms of any 'Professor of Sociology in the Municipal University of Omaha, Nebraska. As a source for additional understanding of the subject. In Owerri municipality today, crime is common among the young people, many of who are caught in one criminal act or the other such as examination malpractice, armed robbery, assault, rape, house breaking, forgery, truancy e.t.c. While parental divorce has been linked with juvenile delinquency, it is also possible that delinquency can increase the likelihood of parental divorce as a delinquent child may cause stress and discord in a family environment leading to deterioration in the parents’ relationship (Beaver & Wright, 2007). What is Research: Research Characteristics, What is Research: Definitions and Meanings, Writing a Research Essay: Steps and Concepts, Purposeful Sampling in Qualitative Research, Ethical Issues in Participant Observation, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-9125.1991.tb01072.x, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1533-8525.1982.tb01014.x, Causes and Solutions of Juvenile Delinquency, What are the qualities of a good research topic, How to Preserve Food using Natural Food Preservatives. Mazuru Grace: an informative document. (1993). Risk factors linked to adverse family experiences such as family conflict, domestic violence, child abuse and neglect are some of the strongest predictors of youth crime. Henry. (Hengeller, 1987). Delinquency: This refers to less serious crimes or offences committed by juveniles (Igbo, 2007). 2Social Psychology, p. 268. ABSTRACT. Child abuse is a growing concern with the juvenile delinquency prevention agencies. In the war against juvenile violence, research shows that there is no more effective weapon than a healthy family. 2. Gove, R. W. and Robert D. C. (June, 1982). The specific objectives of this study include: This study is very significant because if the causes of juvenile delinquency are not known, then, finding a solution to the problem may become an effort in futility. and juvenile delinquency and to determine if a link exists between the two variables. Children growing up in unstable families are at a greater risk of experiencing a variety of behavioural and educational problems, including; smoking, drug abuse, vandalism, violence and criminal acts than children from stable families (Sheryln, 2008). Juvenile crimes witnessed in Nigeria include: drug abuse, cultism, bullying, truancy, examination malpractices, prostitution, theft (Ugwuoke, 2010; Sanni, Udoh, Okediji, Modo & Ezeh, 2010). While some studies have found that the number of family transitions is linked to delinquency (Capaldi and Patterson, 1991; Fergusson, Horwood, and Linsky, 1992), there is little information on the impact of multiple family transitions on serious adolescent problem behavior such as delinquency and drug use, 2 Number of Family Transitions While some researchers have found a significant relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency, others have suggested otherwise. The researcher observed that most of these families had dominant father. Alfry also reported that the United States Bureau of Justice Statistics found out that 72% of jailed juveniles came from fragmented families. This study is aimed at finding answers to the following questions: The general objective of this study is to investigate the relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality. 2. Multiple family transitions were also directly linked with more frequent instances of juvenile delinquency such as vandalism, theft and truancy. For instance, a single parent cannot act like both mother or father but at least a single parent can raise a positive child. By 1990, parents ... Juvenile crime is directly linked to children being unsupervised. Conflict: This refers to disagreements/ quarrels in the family which could result in fights, violence, e.t.c. 1999). display: none !important; My research has shown me that yes juvenile delinquency is linked to family instability. By 1990, parents were, on average, available to their children 10 hours less per week than they were in 1980 and 40 percent less than they were in 1965. Studies of juvenile delinquency have shown that the family environment can present as either a risk or protective factor. This study will ultimately contribute to closing the gap that exists in studies on juvenile delinquency. Divorce: This refers to the dissolution of a properly constituted marriage (Njoku & Uwaoma, 2001). From this definition, it is pertinent to highlight the two types of delinquent offences associated with young people, herein referred to as juveniles/children. Cultism and cult related activities perpetrated by youths have been a source of fear and concern to the inhabitants of Owerri Municipality. The third characteristic shared among the vast majority of violent juvenile is family instability. In short, the child receives abuse form parents and then acts like that. This scenario tends to be giving impetus to juvenile delinquency in Owerri Municipality. Studies of juvenile delinquency have shown that the family environment can present as either a risk or protective factor. not condition the relationship between family structure and delinquency. Is Juvenile Delinquency Linked to Family Instability Assignment | Custom essay Services. Socio-economic instability is often linked to persistent unemployment and low incomes among the young, which can increase the likelihood of their involvement in criminal activity. In one study the researcher observed some deviant adolescents in their family setting. A risk factor is a characteristic that, when present, promotes the adoption of harmful behaviour (e.g., delinquency). The other type of delinquent offence called ‘status’ offences are delinquent conducts that do not apply to adults, such as running away from home, truancy, etc (Alemika & Chukwuma, 2001; Alfrey,2010). Also an inability to provide a healthy mix of control and freedom. The increasing rate of juvenile delinquency has become a major social problem globally and locally. Juvenile delinquency in Nigeria is a major social problem which affects the whole society and constitutes a serious impediment to development (Muhammed et al 2009). Your email address will not be published. The significance of the study is to add to existing knowledge on family instability and juvenile delinquency in Nigeria, it will serve as a basis for further research on the subject matter, and finally, to serve as a guide for policy formulation aimed at addressing the problem of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria. Shoemaker (2010:3), defined juvenile delinquency as “illegal acts, whether criminal or status offences, which are committed by youth under the age of 18”. Delinquency rates were higher among 75 boys who were living in permanently disrupted families on their fifteenth birthday, compared to boys living in intact families. Adolescents of all ages are living in many various types of homes, such as with single, married, and cohabiting parents. The effect is that children in such a situation may be pushed to engage in theft, extortion and other delinquent actions to make ends meet. The implication according to Alfrey is that the children may be exposed to learning delinquent behaviours and they may also be enticed into joining delinquent gangs. We find that delinquency cannot be explained in terms of any 'Professor of Sociology in the Municipal University of Omaha, Nebraska. Hence, the inability of the family as a social institution to bond with the children as a result of instability and disruptions could be associated with the problem of juvenile delinquency. Conversely, very liberal parents give their children undue freedom. Lavee and Brown (1988) found that family instability, deficient family cohesion, and lack of quality relationships between parents and children resulted in adolescent substance abuse. Comparatively less research has attempted to examine the long-term impact of shifts in family structure on delinquent and criminal involvement. Birgitte R. Mednick, Robert L. Baker, Linn E. Carothers, Patterns of family instability and crime: The association of timing of the family's disruption with subsequent adolescent and young adult criminality, Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 10.1007/BF01537887, 19, 3, (201-220), (1990). The relevance of this theory could be linked to the main tenets as it applies to juvenile delinquency and family instability. To proffer solutions to the problems of family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri Municipality. Family conflicts are the result of poor relationships between parents and chi… FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY ABSTRACT The family as a universal social institution exists in all human society. Hence, the inability of the family as a social institution to bond with the children as a result of instability and disruptions could be associated with the problem of juvenile delinquency. However, concerted inquiries into the influence of family instability on juvenile delinquency have resulted in a raging … As a result, this study aims at bridging the gap in studies on juvenile delinquency and also to investigate the relationship between family instability and juvenile delinquency in Owerri municipality. You are allowed to use the original model papers you will receive in the following ways: In 2007, the law enforcement agencies in the United States of America reported 2.18 million arrests of juveniles (Alfry, 2010). The role of the family in the prevention and treatment of juvenile delinquency has concerned the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) from our inception. & Borduin, C.M. = To find out the consequences of family instability on the society. What would happen if the child himself is the recipient of the abuse and neglect from the parents? FAMILY INSTABILITY AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY: A STUDY OF OWERRI MUNICIPALITY, family instability and juvenile delinquency, juvenile delinquency in owerri municipality, ETHNIC MILITIAS AND SUB-NATIONALISM IN NIGERIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MASSOB AND OPC, FRAUD PREVENTION AND CONTROL IN BANKING SYSTEM, Kidnapping in Nigeria: A Study of Public Perception in Enugu East Senatorial District, DOMESTIC VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN IN NIGERIA EXPERIENCE, VIGILANTISM AND CRIME CONTROL IN CONTEMPORARY NIGERIA, TRENDS IN CRIMINAL ACTIVITIES IN ENUGU STATE, THE INVESTIGATION INTO OFFICE MANAGERS IN PREVENTION OF CORRUPT PRACTICES IN SELECTED GOVERNMENT ESTABLISHMENT, THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ICT UTILIZATION AND FRAUD LOSSES IN COMMERCIAL BANKS IN NIGERIA, THE IMPACT OF PARENTAL CONTROL, CRIMINAL AND MARITAL CONFLICT ON ADOLESCENTS’ SELF-REGULATION AND ADJUSTMENT, THE EFFECTS OF HOME VIDEO AND MOVIES INDUSTRY ON THE SOCIO-MORAL BEHAVIOURS AND CRIME PREVENTION IN NIGERIA, THE EFFECT OF AGGRESSION AND VIOLENCE ON ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE, THE ROLE OF THE CHURCHES IN COMBATING CORRUPTION AMONG POLITICAL LEADERS IN NIGERIA, AUTOMATED PROJECT TRACKING INFORMATION SYSTEM FOR IMO STATE SECURITY, SECURITY SINUSOIDAL TRANSFORM OF SPEECH CODING FOR MOBILE COMMUNICATION. Most kids run away from the home if they could not receive the warmth and security that they should receive at home. ABSTRACT. ResearchArticles.com Urdang, E. (2012) Human Behaviour in the Social Environment: New York: The Haworth Social Work Practice Press. with this increase in family instability provided an added impetus to carry out research into the link between disrupted families and delinquency. There is a positive relationship between marital abuse and adolescent delinquency. 206 CHAPTER 10 Family Influences on Delinquency a strong conscience in their children (Farrington et al., 2001).In the Cambridge Study, West and Farrington (1977) suggested that poor parental supervision was one link in the chain between criminal fathers and … In one study the researcher observed some deviant adolescents in their family setting. To appraise the influence of inadequate parental supervision on juvenile delinquency? Family Cohesion: This refers to the level of attachment and emotional bonding between family members (Sanni et al, 2010). According to the professional literature on juvenile delinquency, Kevin Wright, professor of criminal justice at the State University of New York at Binghamton, writes: “Research confirms that children raised in supportive, affectionate, and accepting homes are less likely to become deviant. The majority of adolescent criminal offenses are committed by males. Juvenile delinquency: This refers to the antisocial or criminal acts committed by a young person under the age of 18 years. The goal of this literature review is to analyze the effect the family has on an adolescent’s behavior. Would an adequate income for existing low income families re-duce juvenile delinquency? The State of Juvenile Delinquency in the Philippines and the Urgent Need for Legal Reforms Allan Jose J. Villarante API Fellow, The Nippon Foundation Research Intern, Japan Legal Aid Association 29 November 2002 Kokugakuin University Tokyo, Japan The Philippine government has apparently undermined the severity of juvenile delinquency problem in society. }, McCord, J. Hence, they may not have some of their needs met by their single parent. Some studies suggests that a bad marriage is worse than single parenting for the child. − Cover Page, Abstract Page (very short summary of the paper), 4 page paper and Reference page = 8 pages. 1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY Various studies suggest that these kids can take part in serious and major crimes. Previous research has linked changes in family structure (especially parental divorce) with involvement in juvenile delinquency. On the contrary, marital abuse and bad marriage can only add to the misery of the child. 1,512 Views. In the war against juvenile violence, research shows that there is no more effective weapon than a healthy family . Researchers and concerned individuals have traced the preponderance of juvenile delinquency to the increasing rate of family instability among other factors. Comprehensive Secondary School: In this study, this refers to a secondary school that is attended by both males and females. There were more conflicting situations in these families. What factors contribute to juvenile delinquency? 2018. From observation, it seems that parents and care givers are not doing much in the supervision of their children in Owerri municipal because of their numerous economic and social engagements. is juvenile delinquency linked to family instability: The project topic home for MBA, MSC, BSC, PGD, PHD final year student: Browse and read free research project topics and materials. It is the opinion of the researcher that financial vulnerability may also be a source of strain to children in single-parent families. Because, in a society where money is everything, poor economical situation can lead the youth to crime. Any deviation from this, regardless of reason (e.g., death, divorce, separation or desertions) is classified as broken (Wilkinson, 1974). The study of family instability and delinquency is not a recent development, nor is the conceptualization of disruption and transition limited to the residential or familial context. 3. In addition, approximately 16% of children placed into substitute care experience at least one delinquency petition compared to 7% of all maltreatment victims who are not removed from their family. The third characteristic shared among the vast majority of violent juvenile is family instability. There are also non-family factors that impact on juvenile delinquency, which include the failure of the juvenile justice system, poverty, a lack of access to education, drug abuse and genetic problems. While Alemika and Chukwuma’s (2001) study, among other studies found no relationship between broken homes and juvenile delinquency, Kimani’s (2010) study found a positive relationship between broken homes and juvenile delinquency. Studies of juvenile delinquency have shown that the family environment can present as either a risk or protective factor. The researchers suggested that there was a relationship between family functions and juvenile delinquency in Kenya. What is the extent of family instability in Owerri municipality? Practically, the findings of this study will be very useful to guidance counselors and those responsible for the rehabilitation of juvenile delinquents in that it will serve as a working tool in dealing with the problems of juveniles .Parents and care-givers will also find this study very useful as it will raise their consciousness towards monitoring and supervising their children and wards. Juvenile delinquency involves wrong doing by a child or a young person who is under an age specified by the law. The study also attempted to ascertain whether those factors can act as causative agents for “juvenile delinquency”. Separation: This refers to a form of marital disruption in which a man and a woman no longer live under the same roof as husband and wife. Dogget (2004), has it that when there is one parent living in the home as opposed to two, it is more difficult to supervise children all the time .According to Dogget, every day activities like errands and work must be completed by the single parent, which leaves no parent in the home. The Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development is a prospective longitudinal survey of 411 South London males from age 8 to age 46. The findings of this study will also be useful to the government in the sense that it will assist the government in formulating policies that will consolidate the family. In short, a moderate way of parenting where kids can enjoy as much freedom as is their right is the right way of parenting. 3 hypotheses were formulated to guide this study. In these prior studies, however, family structure is treated as a static condition, but family structure is commonly a ﬂuid condition subject to change throughout the life course (Raley and Wildsmith 2004). Many studies suggest that family conflicts are number one reason why some adolescents become deviant. (2010) Federal Statistics: Understanding a Crucial Resource. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. As good parenting can help raise a well behaved adolescent, conversely, poor parenting can lead to delinquency, deviation, law breaking and non conformist adolescents. The Annals of . Juvenile delinquency was found to be significantly related to family instability and mode of discipline. Specifically, older adolescents and those from larger families were at a higher risk for participating in juvenile delinquency. Direct citing (if referenced properly) There were more conflicting situations in these families. J Abnorm Child Psychology (1987) 15: 199. 2Social Psychology, p. 268. It is from here the individual picks up a “self” through the process of socialization. Drug abuse among juveniles is also another cankerworm that is eating deep into the fabrics of Owerri municipal .In corroborating this fact, the Imo state commander of National Drug Law Enforcement Agency(NDLEA) lamented that the youths were the most involved in illicit drug usage and dealing (Nkwopara, 2011).The consequences of this malady and other juvenile crimes such as; examination malpractice, alcoholism, forgery, rape, e.t.c in Owerri municipality include; social violence among youths, armed robbery, mental disorders, lack of respect for elders and other numerous social ills. ) human behaviour in the war against juvenile violence, research shows there! 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Observed some deviant adolescents in their family setting whether delinquency precedes or follows placement instability levels!, or practically all, or practically all, girls would be delinquent this report presents conducted... Them to engage in deviant activities and locally abuse form parents and children concerted... Money above their moral, family and juvenile delinquency have resulted in a controversy... System as a result, the child age specified by the law the increasing rate of juvenile delinquency is to! War against juvenile violence, research shows that there is no more effective weapon than a healthy family schools with.
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